How to treat bronchitis!
Symptoms and treatment of bronchitis mostly depend on its form. However, there are general criteria. Treatment should be comprehensive: compliance with the regime, elimination of the causes (including infection, if any), expansion of the bronchial tract and maximum sputum withdrawal.
Causes and symptoms
Bronchitis is a disease of the bronchial tree, accompanied by inflammation of the mucous membrane or damage to the walls. It can develop both independently and as a result of other diseases. According to the degree of manifestation, bronchitis is distinguished into acute and chronic forms. In turn, they have their own varieties.
The symptoms and causes of bronchitis are similar in all types, but at the same time they also have their own characteristics. For example, the acute form is often a consequence of infectious diseases. At the same time, the causes of chronic bronchitis can be bad habits, air pollution or allergies. Further treatment will also depend on determining the form of the disease and its causes.
This form of bronchitis most often develops against the background of infectious diseases: viral, less often bacterial. Mostly children suffer from it, since their immunity is weaker than that of an adult. They are less resistant to infections.
The causes of acute bronchitis can be viruses:
- respiratory syncytial;
- chlamydia and others.
The disease can be caused by mixed viral and bacterial pathogens, as well as bacteria. But regardless of the specific cause, the symptoms of bronchitis develop against the background of ARVI or ARI.
In addition to the main signs of acute respiratory diseases that cause bronchitis, the symptoms of the latter are quite characteristic. The main one can be distinguished-a deaf chest cough. At first, it is dry, more pronounced and stronger at night, during sleep. Sputum is separated in small quantities.
After a few days, the cough becomes moist. Sputum begins to be released in large quantities and the respiratory tract is gradually cleared. The duration of the disease is about 2 weeks.
In addition to coughing, there are other signs of an acute form of the disease.
- An increase in body temperature up to 39-40 degrees.
- When listening, you can hear wheezing.
- General malaise, loss of working capacity.
- Profuse sweating begins.
- If the disease is severe, then shortness of breath appears. This indicates a lesion of small branches of the bronchial tree.
This form of bronchitis is characterized by a regular change of acute phase to a state of remission and vice versa. The causes of the disease can also be infectious diseases. But the chronic form develops only after several acute forms of the disease have been transferred.
Chronic bronchitis develops as a result of constant irritation of the bronchial tree mucosa. In addition to several acute forms transferred in a row, the cause may also be such reasons as:
- environmental pollution;
- irritation of the respiratory tract with dust;
work at enterprises where you have to breathe polluted air and chemical fumes.
The main symptom is a prolonged cough for several months, if such “attacks” last for several years. It is mostly wet, and there is a slight discharge of sputum. Coughing can take the form of short attacks. Most often, he worries in the morning.
If we consider the development of the disease during the year, then in autumn, winter and early spring there are exacerbations. In a dry, hot period, the patient may observe improvements and cessation of coughing. In wet weather and time of year, it resumes.
Otherwise, the person does not feel any particular discomfort and deterioration. However, with the long-term development of the disease, the cough gradually increases and manifests itself in the form of seizures. With a long course of chronic bronchitis, sweating may increase, the temperature rises during the exacerbation period and performance is lost.
Most often, chronic bronchitis develops in adults. Depending on the changes in respiratory functions, it is possible to distinguish obstructive and non-obstructive forms of the disease.
Basic rules of treatment
Basically, bronchitis is treated at home, in addition to taking medications, you need to take care of other conditions. First of all, in the acute form, the patient is shown bed rest. At least in the first 3-4 days, when the temperature is elevated.
As soon as there are improvements, and the body temperature decreases, it is advisable to arrange short-term walks. It is advisable to walk in parks, or places with low car traffic and a large number of trees. Fresh air will benefit and speed up recovery. But you need to walk for a short time and provided that you do not feel bad.
In addition to bed rest, and in the future walking, there are other rules.
- The diet should contain a lot of vegetables and proteins. But the amount of carbohydrates and fats should not be taken more than the permissible norm (it is calculated taking into account weight, height, age and occupation).
- If the patient smokes, then the habit will need to be abandoned. It is also necessary to eliminate any irritants of the bronchi: dust, allergens, etc.
- Indoors, you need to take a daily wet walk and ventilate. If it is winter time, then it is better for the patient to move to another room during ventilation, so that he does not get through.
- During the treatment, warm drinks help a lot. They contribute to the elimination of sputum and, in general, in the fight against cough. You can drink any decoctions: from rosehip, chamomile, raspberry, mint, etc. But the amount of coffee and tea, on the contrary, should be reduced to a minimum or excluded, due to the fact that they have a diuretic effect.
When treating chronic bronchitis, it is important to eliminate the source of irritation. It is not just necessary to stop smoking, work at an enterprise with polluted air or eliminate allergens during treatment, you need to get rid of them forever. So, the mucosa and walls of the bronchial tree will cease to experience irritation and further exacerbations can be avoided.
In addition to bed rest, wet cleaning and other recommendations, the main treatment of bronchitis in adults and children is medication. In order for the recovery to be fast, all medications should be prescribed by the attending physician.
They are not necessary to take them during bronchitis, except in some cases. If the disease has an infectious soil, it is most often viral. The use of antibiotics against viruses is not only ineffective, but also reduces the body’s immunity to bacteria. In any case, such medications should be prescribed only by a doctor.
The use of antibiotics is necessary only if there is purulent sputum, an increase in temperature even after 4-5 days, or sputum has a yellowish, greenish tint. In this case, Amoxiclav is often prescribed. It belongs to the group of synthetic penicillins and is effective in the treatment.
They are prescribed if the cause of bronchitis is an infectious viral disease. But you need to take medications when the first symptoms of ARVI appear. Medications are selected in accordance with the type of viral disease that develops. For example, Remantadine and Interferon leukocyte have proven themselves well in influenza.
For a more accurate choice of the drug, consult your doctor. In addition to antiviral, you can take vitamins, antipyretic, immunostimulating in a complex.
They are prescribed at an early stage of acute bronchitis and with a chronic form. Antitussive medications help to suppress a dry cough, which reduces the load on the bronchi, and also prevents additional injury to the mucous membrane.
From this group of medicines, the following are effective: Synecode, Libexin, Omnitus. In addition to suppressing cough, they dilute sputum and partially expand the bronchial pathways.
Drugs with a bronchodilating effect
Medications that dilate the bronchi are often prescribed for bronchitis, especially for the treatment of obstructive bronchitis. In this form of the disease, there are spasms in the bronchial tree and breathing becomes difficult, shortness of breath appears.
Atrovent is most often recommended, but the drug does not have a systemic effect, although it helps well. It is not suitable for quick help to the patient, as it begins to act only 30 minutes after use. Atrovent is used in the form of inhalations.
Two more drugs used as inhalations, Ventolin and Berotek, act much faster, only 3-8 minutes. They are perfect for providing quick assistance.
Expectorants that help to remove sputum from the bronchial tree are very important for the treatment of bronchitis. Ambroxol, which has an artificial origin, has proven itself best. The use of ADC will also be effective.
Herbal remedies are also often prescribed as expectorant medications:
- Breast collection No. 2,4;
- Licorice syrup;
- decoctions of mother-and-stepmother, thyme.
Drugs that dilute sputum
In addition to those already listed, bronchitis is often prescribed medications that dilute sputum, making it less viscous. This contributes to better expectoration, and, consequently, elimination from the bronchial tract. Most often, Ambroxol and Bromhexine are indicated from these funds. With chronic bronchitis, mucolytics are prescribed: Carbocysteine, Acetylcysteine and Ambrobene.
By themselves, inhalations are not effective for bronchitis. But the essential oils contained in herbs and medicines can have a bronchodilating and expectorant effect.
Before treating bronchitis with inhalations, you need to make sure that there is no allergy to essential oils. Otherwise, instead of improving, it may become worse.
Essential oils of mint, eucalyptus, pine and various herbal preparations are excellent for treatment. If there is no inhaler, then you can resort to steam inhalations. During the procedure, you need to be careful, otherwise you can burn the mucous membrane with steam.
If without fanaticism and with the permission of the doctor, you can use folk remedies for bronchitis. In fact, inhalation with decoctions from different herbs is also part of them. Be attentive to all the ingredients so that there are no possible allergens in the recipe.
Radish with honey
This recipe for a folk remedy is very simple. You need to take a radish and cut a small depression in it. He will put a spoonful of honey inside it. Leave the radish for three days, until the moment when it begins to secrete juice. It is necessary to drink it three times a day for a teaspoon.
You need to take 4 tablespoons of dry leaves and pour them with hot water (about half a glass). Leave the herb to infuse for four hours. After this period, strain the leaves. Throw them out, and drink the tincture itself. This procedure can be repeated several times (but not in a row).
Butter with garlic
To prepare the product, you will need 100 g of butter and 5 medium cloves of garlic. Clean the last one and squeeze it into the oil. Mix everything together. Your remedy for bronchitis is ready, you can eat it a little just like that, but it will have a bad effect on the stomach, so it’s better to make a few sandwiches with it.
Treatment of bronchitis should be carried out immediately, especially if it is only an acute form. It is better to do everything right right away and prevent the development of chronic bronchitis. But the reliable remedy is not the treatment itself, but prevention. It is better to take care of your health in advance: walk more in the fresh air, take vitamins and exclude irritating factors (allergens, smoking, an abundance of dust).