What do Varicose veins mean?
Varicose veins are an unpleasant condition that occurs due to the vein valves’ failure, which interferes with the normal blood flow to the lower part of the body. Therefore, the situation makes it difficult for blood to flow back to the heart. It is a common disease around the world. And it is a twisting and enlarged veins. The superficial vein may become varicose, but the most common effects are veins in the legs. This situation is because standing and walking in an upright position increases the veins’ pressure in the pelvis and legs.
Varicose veins usually appear in the way of swollen, swollen meanings of blue color and cause pain for many people, especially those who practice standing for long hours during the day.
According to studies, the appearance of varicose veins in women is more common.
According to studies, they arise in 50% of women, and the likelihood of developing varicose veins is halving in men.
It also appears frequently in women during pregnancy. Although it is not a dangerous condition, it can expand and worsen to lead to more severe problems in and around the affected area. Varicose veins are the appearance of a spider web in one of the body areas, where the veins expand and are full of blood, the colors are blue to red, and it is often a little painful.
Symptoms of varicose veins
The symptoms associated with the condition of varicose veins vary, or what is known as varicose veins. Their severity and severity increase depending on the patient’s disease and the period from which he suffers from the state of varicose veins. Still, in general, the symptoms of varicose veins include the following:
- Blue or dark blue vascular prominence: These blood vessels are visible on the thigh and behind the knee.
- Feeling of pain, weakness, or heaviness in the legs: in most cases, this is accompanied by swelling in the ankles and feet, especially after standing for an extended period.
- Veins that appear are crooked and swollen
- Pain worsens after prolonged sitting or standing
- Itching in your veins
- Feeling heavy in the legs, especially after exercising or in the evening.
- Any slight injury to the varicose veins may lead to more severe bleeding than usual.
- Dermatosclerosis is the accumulation of fat under the skin’s surface just above the ankle, becomes more rigid, and shrinks the skin.
- swelling in the ankle and The appearance of a spider web and varicose veins in the affected leg.
- Inflammation of the skin in the affected area so that the skin becomes red, dry, and itchy.
- When standing up suddenly, a person with varicose veins may experience leg cramps.
- The appearance of irregular white spots that appear as ankle scars.
Factors leading to varicose veins
-One of the most important causes of varicose veins is weak or damaged valves in those veins. The arteries and capillaries transport oxygen-rich blood to the body’s various tissues, then the veins return this blood to the heart to be repeated. In the typical situation, The veins in the legs’ area must work against gravity, as the valves inside them open in one direction to allow blood to flow through them and then close to maintain the flow of blood towards the back. Still, if there is weakness or damage in these valves, this will lead to an increase in blood, And it collects in the veins, causing them to swell.
1-Weakening of the vein walls
2-Lack of attention to cardiovascular health
3- Any health condition that causes pressure on the abdominal area may cause varicose veins, such as pregnancy, constipation, and in rare cases, tumors.
4-Some factors may increase the risk of developing varicose veins, such as aging, the presence of a history related to the condition of varicose veins in the family, or an increase in blood pressure in leg veins as a result of weight gain.
5-Symptoms of this disease appear when sitting and standing for long periods
6-Vasculitis, such as phlebitis, may lead to vasodilation
7-Damage to blood vessels as a result of a deep stroke
8- Trauma: the damage that results from accidents or surgeries in the leg
How are varicose veins treated?
There is no particular way to prevent varicose veins completely. But there is a group of treatments that will reduce the risk of developing varicose veins or developing other tumors depending on each case’s specificity and the other. The treatment of this problem relies on the person’s factors, such as his age, general health level, medical history, severity, severity, and signs and symptoms.
Methods of treating varicose veins, but the most famous and most influential are :
- Adhere to a healthy diet and exercise regularly.
- Stay hydrated.
- Avoid sitting and standing for a long time and do stretching exercises every two hours.
- Changing the water temperature while showering. By doing this, you can improve blood circulation.
- Lift your legs at intervals so the blood can flow upwards more easily.
- Massage your feet with any essential oil daily.
- Avoid wearing tight clothes and wear comfortable underwear.
- Avoid exposing your legs to high heat. And if you’re at the beach or outside, use sunscreen.
- Monitor your weight, increase fiber, and lack of salt
- Avoid high heels and tight socks
- Regularly change your sitting or standing position
- Avoid putting with one leg over the other
- Feet raised on a pillow when sitting or sleeping.
- Surgery, during which doctors create a cut in the skin to reach the enlarged veins, cut and strip them.
Complications of varicose veins may include:
Ulcers. Painful sores on the skin may form near varicose veins, especially near the ankles. The patch usually begins with discoloration on the skin before an ulcer forms.
Thromboembolism. Sometimes the deep veins inside the legs become enlarged. It can be painful and swollen in such cases.
Bleeding Sometimes, veins very close to the skin may burst. This case usually causes only minor bleeding.